Drug Class: What is Cytoxan and why is Cytoxan prescribed?
Drug Mechanism: How does Cytoxan work?
Dosage: How should you take Cytoxan ?
Possible food and drug interactions with Cytoxan
Special Information on Cytoxan
Possible Cytoxan Side effects
|Drug Class: What is Cytoxan and why is Cytoxan prescribed?|
Cytoxan (Cyclophosphamide) is a type of chemotherapy for treating various types of cancer.
Cytoxan also treats a number of immune-related diseases or conditions, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), lupus nephritis, rheumatoid arthritis or organ transplant rejection.
Cytoxan interferes with the growth of rapidly growing cancer cells and can suppress the immune system.
|Drug Mechanism: How does Cytoxan work?|
Cytoxan is one of a group of anti-cancer medicines called \\\'alkylating agents\\\'.
Cancers form when some cells within the body multiply uncontrollably and abnormally. These cells then spread and destroy nearby tissues. Cytoxan acts by slowing this process down. It kills cancer cells by damaging the DNA (the genetic material within the cells) and preventing them from dividing.
Cytoxan is used in the treatment of a wide variety of cancers including cancer of the lymph nodes (lymphoma) and
|Dosage: How should you take Cytoxan ?|
Take Cytoxan on an empty stomach. If you have severe stomach upset, then you may take Cytoxan with food.
Adults and Children
Your doctor will tailor your dosage according to your condition and other drugs taken with Cytoxan .
The recommended oral dosage range is 1 to 5 milligrams per 2.2 pounds of body weight per day.
The recommended oral dosage of
|Possible food and drug interactions with Cytoxan|
Cytoxan decreases the body\\\'s ability to fight infections. Therefore the effectiveness of vaccines may be reduced and generalized infections may occur in individuals given live vaccines
Pentostatin increases the adverse effects of Cytoxan.
Cytoxan may affect the action of the following medicines:
|Special Information on Cytoxan|
| Most Important Fact about Cytoxan
Cytoxan may cause bladder damage, probably from toxic byproducts of the drug that are excreted in the urine. Potential problems include bladder infection with bleeding and fibrosis of the bladder.
While you are being treated with Cytoxan, drink 3 or 4 liters of fluid a day to help prevent bladder problems. The extra fluid will dilute your urine and make you urinate frequently, thus minimizing the Cytoxan byproducts\\\' contact with your bladder.
|Possible Cytoxan Side effects|
More common side effects of Cytoxan may include:
Less common side effects of Cytoxan may include:
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