Drug Class: What is Metronidazole and why is it prescribed?
Drug Mechanism: How does Metronidazole work?
Dosage: How should you take Metronidazole?
Possible food and drug interactions when taking Metronidazole
Special information about Metronidazole
Metronidazole side effects
|Drug Class: What is Metronidazole and why is it prescribed?|
|Metronidazole is an antibacterial drug prescribed for certain vaginal and urinary tract infections in men and women; amebic dysentery and liver abscess; and infections of the abdomen, skin, bones and joints, brain, lungs, and heart caused by certain bacteria.|
|Drug Mechanism: How does Metronidazole work?|
| Metronidazole is an antibiotic effective against anaerobic bacteria and certain parasites.
Anaerobic bacteria are single-cell living organisms that thrive in low oxygen environments and can cause disease in the abdomen (bacterial peritonitis) liver (liver abscess), and pelvis (abscess of the ovaries and the fallopian tubes). Giardia lamblia and ameba are parasites that can cause abdominal pain and chronic diarrhea in infected individuals.
Metronidazole selectively blocks some of the cell functions in these microorganisms, resulting in their
|Dosage: How should you take Metronidazole?|
Metronidazoleworks best when there is a constant amount in the blood. Take
your Metronidazole doses at evenly spaced intervals, day and night, and try
to avoid missing any. If you are being treated for the sexually transmitted
genital infection called trichomoniasis, your doctor may want to treat your
partner at the same time, even if there are no symptoms. Try to avoid sexual
intercourse until the infection is cured. If you do have sex, use a condom.
|Possible food and drug interactions when taking Metronidazole|
| Do not drink alcohol while taking Metronidazole and for at least 72 hours after
your last dose.
If Metronidazole is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining Metronidazole with any of the following:
Blood thinners such as Coumadin, Cholestyramine (Questran), Cimetidine (Tagamet), Disulfiram (Antabuse), Lithium (Eskalith), Phenobarbital, Phenytoin (Dilantin).
|Special information about Metronidazole|
| Special information if you are pregnant or breastfeeding: The effects of Metronidazole
in pregnancy have not been adequately studied. If you are pregnant or plan
to become pregnant, notify your doctor. Metronidazole should be used during pregnancy
only if it is clearly needed.
Metronidazole appears in breast milk and could affect a nursing infant. If Metronidazole is essential to your health, your doctor may advise you to stop breastfeeding until your treatment is finished.
|Metronidazole side effects|
Side effects of Metronidazole cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your doctor immediately. Only your doctor can determine whether it is safe for you to continue taking Metronidazole .
Two serious side effects that have occurred with Metronidazole are seizures and numbness or tingling in the arms, legs, hands, and feet. If you experience either of these symptoms, stop taking the medication and call your doctor immediately.
More common side effects of Metronidazole :
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