Drug Class: What is Dexamethasone and why is it prescribed?
Drug Mechanism: How does Dexamethasone work?
Dosage: How should you take Dexamethasone?
Possible food and drug interactions when taking Dexamethasone
Special information on Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone side effects
|Drug Class: What is Dexamethasone and why is it prescribed?|
|Dexamethasone is in a class of drugs called steroids. Dexamethasone prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation. Dexamethasone is used to treat many different conditions such as allergic disorders, skin conditions, ulcerative colitis, arthritis, lupus, psoriasis, or breathing disorders.|
|Drug Mechanism: How does Dexamethasone work?|
|Dexamethasone is a synthetic glucocorticoid which decreases inflammation by inhibiting the migration of leukocytes and reversal of increased capillary permeability. It suppresses normal immune response.|
|Dosage: How should you take Dexamethasone?|
|Dosages to treat disease are highly individualized, but generally start at 0.75 to 9.0 mg per day. The lowest therapeutic dose should be given, though amounts given may need to be increased during times of stress|
|Possible food and drug interactions when taking Dexamethasone|
|Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as: problems with your vision; swelling, rapid weight gain, feeling short of breath; severe depression, unusual thoughts or behavior, seizure (convulsions); bloody or tarry stools, coughing up blood; pancreatitis (severe pain in your upper stomach spreading to your back, nausea and vomiting, fast heart rate); low potassium (confusion, uneven heart rate, extreme thirst,|
|Special information on Dexamethasone|
|Dexamethasone should be used with caution in patients with active tuberculosis infection of respiratory tract or in untreated fungal, bacterial or systemic viral infections. Corticosteroids should only be used systemically with great caution in the presence of congestive heart failure (CHF), recent myocardial infraction (MI), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, epilepsy, glaucoma, hypothyroidism, liver failure, osteoprosis, peptic ulceration or renal impairment. Children may be at increase risk of some adverse effects, corticosteroid cause growth retardation and prolonged use is rarely justified. Passive|
|Dexamethasone side effects|
|Stomach Upset Taking dexamethasone can cause some temporary and non-serious side effects in the digestive system. The drug can cause the person s stomach to become upset, which may cause nausea and vomiting, MedlinePlus indicates. The drug also can irritate the stomach. Drugs.com states dexamethasone also can cause indigestion as a non-serious side effect. Physicians expect these side effects to cease on their own without the need for medical help. However, MedlinePlus recommends questioning the doctor if the stomach upset persists or feels severe. Insomnia and Nervousness The person using|
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