Drug Class: What is Precose and why is Precose prescribed?
Drug Mechanism: How does Precose work?
Dosage: How should you take Precose?
Possible food and drug interactions with Precose
Special information on Precose
Possible Precose side effects
|Drug Class: What is Precose and why is Precose prescribed?|
| Precose is an oral medication used to treat type 2 (non-insulin-dependent)
diabetes when high blood sugar levels cannot be controlled by diet alone.
Precose works by slowing the bodys digestion of carbohydrates so that
blood sugar levels will not surge upward after a meal.
Precose may be taken alone or in combination with certain other diabetes medications such as Diabinese, Micronase, Glucophage, and Insulin.
|Drug Mechanism: How does Precose work?|
|Precose (acarbose) is an oral medication that is used to control blood glucose (sugar) levels in type II diabetes. Precose belongs to a class of drugs called alpha-glucosidase inhibitors which also includes miglitol (Glyset). Carbohydrates that are eaten are digested by enzymes in the intestine into smaller sugars, which are absorbed into the body and increase blood sugar levels. The process of carbohydrate digestion requires the pancreas to release into the intestine alpha-amylase enzymes|
|Dosage: How should you take Precose?|
Do not take more or less of Precose than directed by your doctor. Precose
is usually taken 3 times a day with the first bite of each main meal.
|Possible food and drug interactions with Precose|
| When you take Precose with certain other drugs, the effects of either could
be increased, decreased, or altered.
It is especially important to check with your doctor before taking Precose with the following: Airway-opening drugs such as Proventil Calcium channel blockers (heart and blood pressure medications such as Cardizem and Procardia) Charcoal tablets Digestive enzyme preparations such as Creon 20 and Donnazyme Digoxin (Lanoxin) Estrogens such as Premarin Isoniazid (Rifamate) Major tranquilizers such as Compazine and
|Special information on Precose|
| Most important fact about Precose
Always remember that Precose is an aid to, not a substitute for, good diet and exercise. Failure to follow the diet and exercise plan recommended by your doctor can lead to serious complications such as dangerously high or low blood sugar levels. If you are overweight, losing pounds and exercising are critically important in controlling your diabetes. Remember, too, that Precose is not an oral form of insulin and cannot be used in place of insulin.
|Possible Precose side effects|
| Side effects of Precose cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change
in intensity, tell your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine
if it is safe for you to continue taking Precose. If side effects from
Precose do occur, they usually appear during the first few weeks of therapy
and generally become less intense and less frequent over time. They are rarely
More common Precose side effects may include: Abdominal pain, diarrhea, gas.
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